Zdjęcie: Flowing crystals: Nonequilibrium structure of foam

Flowing crystals: Nonequilibrium structure of foam

Bubbles pushed through a quasi-two-dimensional channel self-organize into a variety of periodic lattices. The structures of these lattices correspond to local minima of the interfacial energy. The "flowing crystals" are long-lived metastable states, a small subset of possible local minima of confined quasi-two-dimensional foams [P. Garstecki and G. M. Whitesides, Phys. Rev. E 73, 031603 (2006)]. Experimental results suggest that the choice of the structures that we observe is dictated by the dynamic stability of the cyclic processes of their formation. Thus, the dynamic system that we report provides a unique example of nonequilibrium self-organization that results in structures that correspond to local minima of the relevant energy functional.

  • Autor: Garstecki, P; Whitesides, GM
  • Rok: 2006
  • Źródło: PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS
  • Plik: pobierz

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