Zdjęcie: The impact of linseed oil lipids on the physical properties of corn crisps and the possibility of obtaining crisps enriched with n-3 fatty acids

The impact of linseed oil lipids on the physical properties of corn crisps and the possibility of obtaining crisps enriched with n-3 fatty acids

Linseed oil, also known as flaxseed oil, is obtained from the dried, ripened seeds of the flax plant (Linum usitatissimum). The oil is obtained by pressing, sometimes followed by solvent extraction supported by a refining process. Linseed oil is an edible oil that is in demand as a nutritional supplement, as a source of α-linolenic acid an n-3 fatty acid. The aim of this work was to investigate: (1) the influence of the corn crisp extrusion process on the degradation of fatty acids in linseed oil (LO) and some preparations obtained from the linseed oil such as ethyl ester (EE) and free fatty acids (FFA) added to the corn in order to increase the nutritional value of the crisps, (2) influence of the oil and two fatty preparations obtained from it on the quality of corn crisps, (3) interaction of the lipid fraction with starch. The extrusion process did not degrade the fatty acids significantly. Expansion ratio obtained in the corn crisp extrusion process decreased from 620 % down to 153 %, the size of pores/thickness of the starch–protein walls forming the structure of the extruded product decreased from 10 μm down to 4 μm, the hardness of the crisps increased from 20 to 75 N, and number of lipid–starch complexes increased with rising polarity of the lipid fraction. FFA were complexed mostly by starch (about 90 %), to a lesser degree by EE (about 60 %) and to the least extent by triacylglycerols (about 10 %). The studies performed under industrial conditions using the single screw extruder for the production of corn crisps with the application of standard parameters of the extrusion process indicated that the addition of a mass of 5 % of the various lipids (triacylglycerols of linseed oil, ethyl esters and fatty acids obtained from linseed oil) to corn grits prior to the extrusion process significantly affect the quality of corn crisps.

  • Autor: A. Szterk, M. Rogalski, T. Szymborski
  • Rok: 2015
  • Źródło: Journal of the American Oil Chemists Society, 92, 1195–1203

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